ALTDORFER, Albrecht

(c. 1480-1538)
Albrecht Altdorfer, one of the first true landscape painters, was born in or near Regensburg in Bavaria, where he spent most of his life, and where he was a leading member of the Danube school of painting. A man of property, he was active in civic affairs, for several years serving both as city architect and as a member of the Regensburg city council. Altdorfer was a councillor when Re­gensburg adopted Lutheranism in 1533. But Regensburg had earlier demon­strated other sympathies. After expelling the Jews in 1519, the city demolished their synagogue and in its place erected a shrine to the Madonna, selling im­ages—some of which were made by Altdorfer himself—and encouraging pil­grimages. Martin Luther* criticized the city, writing that this shrine and several others must be leveled. Albrecht Dürer* also commented in 1523 that a "specter against Holy Scripture" had arisen at Regensburg. Altdorfer's small painting of The Danube near Regensburg (c. 1530) is often cited as the first true landscape painting, but his work also reflects popular interest in the customs and way of life of the ancient Germanic inhabitants, ideas based on the Germania of Tacitus. Altdorfer included exotic architecture along with natural forms in several paintings; because he was city architect of Regensburg, this is perhaps not surprising. Probably his best-known painting is Battle of the Issus of 1529, depicting the battle in 333 b.c. between Alexander the Great and Darius of Persia, which can also be read as a political commentary on an event in Altdorfer's own time, the defeat of the Turks at Vienna in 1529. Altdorfer's contribution to painting was innovative and long-lived, for he helped establish a school of romantic landscape painting that would influence European artists for generations, particularly the Dutch, German, and British landscape painters of the seventeenth through the nineteenth centuries.
Bibliography
S. Schama, Landscape and Memory, 1995.
C. Wood, Albrecht Altdorfer and the Origins of Landscape, 1993.
Rosemary Poole

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Altdorfer, Albrecht — born с 1480 died Feb. 12, 1538, Regensburg German painter and printmaker. He was the leading artist of the Danube school. Most of his works depict religious subjects, but he was one of the first artists to develop landscape painting as an… …   Universalium

  • Altdorfer, Albrecht — (c. 1480 1538)    Painter from the Danube School, active mainly in Regensburg, where he became a citizen in 1505. Little is known of Altdorfer s activities up to that year. The number of properties he owned in Regensburg attest to the fact that… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Altdorfer, Albrecht — (ca. 1480 1538)    German painter, active at Regensburg in Bavaria, where he became town architect in 1526. He was a close student of nature and one of the earliest artists to paint landscapes containing no human figures and recounting no story.… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Altdorfer, Albrecht — (c1480 Altdorf 1538 Regensburg) (Germany)    Painter, copper engraver, draughtsman, woodcut printmaker, and architect. Studied in Austria. Specialized in religious and history subjects, but best known for his landscapes. His image of Lot and his… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Altdorfer, Albrecht — ► (1480 1538) Pintor, grabador y arquitecto alemán. Obras: Susana en el baño y La batalla de Alejandro, entre otras. * * * ( 1480–12 feb. 1538, Ratisbona). Pintor y grabador alemán. Fue el artista más relevante de la escuela del Danubio. La mayor …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Altdorfer — Altdorfer, Albrecht …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Albrecht Altdorfer — (c. 1480 near Regensburg ndash; 12 February 1538 in Regensburg) was a German painter, printmaker and architect of the Renaissance era, the leader of the Danube School in southern Germany, and a near contemporary of Albrecht Dürer. He is best… …   Wikipedia

  • Altdorfer — Altdorfer, Albrecht, Maler, Architekt, Kupferstecher und Zeichner für den Formschnitt, geboren um 1480, gestorben im Februar 1538 in Regensburg, wurde 1505 Bürger dieser Stadt, begann seine künstlerische Tätigkeit als Maler, indem er Altarbilder… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Altdorfer — Altdorfer, Albrecht, geb. zu Altdorf bei Landshut 1488, Historienmaler, Kupferstecher, Formschneider u. Baumeister; er war Stadtbaumeister zu Regensburg u. st. daselbst 1538. Er ist in seinen Werken dem Albrecht Dürer ähnlich, ohne jedoch sein… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Altdorfer — (izg. ȃltdorfer), Albrecht (o.1480 1538) DEFINICIJA njemački renesansni slikar, bakrorezac, drvorezac i graditelj …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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